When you upgrade the bands from low to medium and high, there is a significant improvement in network performance. However, this comes at the cost of coverage.
5G, also known as millimeter wave or mmWave, 5g mmWave achieved through the higher frequency bands above 24 GHz, can provide ultra-high speed, Wi-Fi like (LOS) network coverage over short distances.
Millimeter wave typically has a coverage range of 100 meters, while providing more capacity and bandwidth than any other band. Data transfer speeds of 10 Gbit (or 1250 MB) per second or more can be achieved in the higher frequency bands.
This is estimated to be 600 times faster than the lower bands used in the initial deployment of 4G and 5G. That is to say, users can download a 4k video in one second.
As the new millimeter wave uses higher carrier bandwidth, the same battery can serve more users, so the customer experience is significantly enhanced.
For operators, millimeter wave provides a broadband (a scarce resource) at a lower price and improves the service provided to users.
In the lower bands running in 4G and 5GNR, operations can offer users only 10 MHz of bandwidth, while in the higher bands, operations can get from 100 to 200 MHz of bandwidth.
This is like adding 20 new lanes to an existing highway, which means more traffic can travel at faster speeds in densely populated areas.
The spectrum also brings advantages for indoor coverage, as millimeter waves have propagation characteristics that avoid spacing interference. Millimeter waves provide the type of speed and performance that will support the next generation of